Every architectural drawing imparts a story. The tools and mediums used for design impact our stories in significant ways, hence, altering them and shaping our overall output. Whether one is working on sketches, realistic renders, or technical drawings, each style holds the ability to weave its own narrative.
In the realm of architectural design, each drawing style holds potential, and it is important to realize the value of the same while communicating a concept in, say, a project. Competent architectural universities in India expose their students to different kinds of drawing styles and encourage them to explore various avenues until they find their calling. Here are 10 drawing styles to help budding architects bring cities to life.
A sketch, by virtue of its definition, is a quick, free-hand drawing that is usually not viewed as a finished work. Serving myriad purposes, sketches might be used to record an incident firsthand, used to jumpstart a half-formed idea, or used as a quick way to demonstrate an image, idea, or principle in a graphical manner. The mediums used are generally dry, such as silverpoint, pencil, graphite. charcoal, and pastel.
- Post-Digital Drawing
Post-digital drawings hinge upon the exploration and exploitation of artificiality instead of attempts to foster photo-realism. This, in turn, helps create a fictional form of representation that has its own merits – this kind of art is at loggerheads with digital renderings that aim that fictional hyper-realism. Post-digital drawings incorporate narrative cues, art historical allusions, and software-enabled collage techniques.
- Graphic Doodling
Doodling usually results in a finished drawing – they are simple, with a concrete representational meaning or a jumble of abstract lines etched in one go. A good way of going about making doodles is to observe the subject minutely and then adjust line control, values, and texture accordingly. Doodles might capture made-up landscapes, geometric shapes, and even buildings.
- Digital Quilling
Traditional quilling involves the use of rolled paper strips that are glued together to create decorative designs via manipulated shapes. On the other hand, digital quilling is carried out with the help of different modeling or Photoshop techniques that involve the extrusion of vector edges in a model. One can also leverage advanced technologies to create complex 3D models.
- 3D Rendering/Project Walkthroughs
Architects often leverage upon 3D renderings and project walkthroughs with the help of software programs, such as 3DMax, AutoCAD, After Effects, and the like. In essence, 3D walkthroughs follow the technical art of developing a mathematical wire frame representation of a 3D construction project., which in turn, helps produce a seamless visual experience.
- Technical Drawing
Most architectural courses in India impart emphasis on technical drawings, which are used to communicate construction ideas. Based on the fundamental principles of projection, technical drawings involve parallel projections that can be divided into three categories: orthographic, oblique, and axonometric. Each drawing style can bring about a different perspective of architecture.
- Abstract Art
Some drawings will not attempt to portray literal buildings – rather, they will try and capture the essence of architecture via line work, texture, light, and shade. These kinds of drawings offer valuable insights into the character and atmosphere of a space, which can be captured through indicative strokes and gestures.
- Animated Drawings and GIFs
GIFs can be used to communicate dynamic architectural ideas – as this format supports animation, one can effectively showcase the conceptual and constructive qualities of a section, plan, or axon. GIFs are wonderful for those who wish to breathe life into their architectural designs.
- Hand Rendering
Drawings used to be etched with ink on paper, and duplicated only by hand. The 20th century witnessed a shift to drawing on tracing paper, which facilitated the process of mechanical reproduction. Hand renders rely upon the architect’s artistic and conceptual ingenuity in order to bring the sketches to life. The intention is to encourage visual thinking and variations in design.
These types of illustrations are perfect for informal presentations wherein broad ideas are being explored. Collages have almost no rules, as the emphasis is on the evocation of atmosphere and the intent is much more playful.
As an architect, which drawing style do you prefer? No matter what your dominant style is, we hope you flourish in the architectural career of your choosing!